Medical Studies

Medical Studies

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Norovirus outbreaks in nursing homes

CHICAGO – In a study that included more than 300 Medicare-certified nursing homes, rates of hospitalization and death were substantially increased during outbreaks of norovirus gastroenteritis vs. non-outbreak periods, according to a study appearing in the October 24/31 issue of JAMA. The study is being published early online to coincide with its presentation at the ID (infectious disease) Week meeting.

“In the United States, nursing homes annually provide care to approximately 3.3 million residents’ and 22 percent of all deaths occur in these settings. Gastroenteritis outbreaks are common in nursing homes in high-income countries. Annually, more than 1,000 outbreaks of … Read the rest

Nonprofit nursing homes provide better care than for profit

19-Aug-2009

For-profit homes faulted for lower staffing, higher rate of bedsores

A major new statistical review of 82 individual research studies has revealed that nonprofit nursing homes deliver, on average, higher quality care than for-profit nursing homes. The findings could have a bearing on the present debate about the role of for-profit firms in U.S. health reform.

“The results are unequivocal and completely consistent with other studies comparing for-profit versus nonprofit care,” said Dr. Gordon Guyatt, senior author of the study, professor of medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, and a world leader in “evidence-based medicine,” a term he … Read the rest

Ways to evaluate end-of-life care in nursing homes

16-Apr-2012

While nursing homes are the place where an estimated 30 percent of Americans die, there currently exists no way to compare which institutions do a better job at managing end of life care. A new study appearing this week in the Journal of Palliative Medicine is starting a discussion over the need to create end of life quality measures in order to both inform consumers and provide nursing homes with incentive to improve care.

“Nursing homes are increasingly becoming the place where people go to die,” said Helena Temkin-Greener, Ph.D., a professor of Community and Preventive Medicine at the … Read the rest

Individuals with dementia more likely to die at home

14-May-2012

INDIANAPOLIS — A new study from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University has found that, at time of death, individuals with dementia are more likely to be living at home than in a nursing home. This contradicts the commonly held view that most individuals with dementia in the United States eventually move to nursing homes and die there.

“Transitions in Care for Older Adults With and Without Dementia” appears online in advance of publication in the May 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Most individuals with dementia, even advanced dementia, die of a physical … Read the rest

21 percent of newly admitted residents sustain a fall during their stay

19-Jun-2012

Full Study Available Here

1 in 5 short-stay nursing home patients falls during their stay, according to a study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

LOS ANGELES, CA  – One in five short-stay nursing home patients sustains a fall after their admission, and certified nursing assistant (CNA) staffing is associated with decreased fall risk, according to a study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Researchers from the University of Southern California and Brown University analyzed the 2006 Minimum Data Set (MDS) assessments of all Medicare/Medicaid patients admitted to a nursing home for the first time. … Read the rest